Understanding PEM SSH
PEM (Privacy Enhanced Mail) is a security protocol that encrypts emails. SSH (Secure Shell) is a network protocol used to securely connect to remote servers. When you convert to PEM SSH, you are essentially encrypting your SSH connection, thereby increasing the security of your remote server connection.
Why Convert to PEM SSH?
Using a PEM SSH key instead of a password for authentication adds an extra layer of security to your system. Passwords can be guessed or hacked, but a PEM SSH key is much more difficult to crack. In addition, PEM SSH keys can be easily revoked and recreated, making it a much more secure option.
How to Convert to PEM SSH
To increase the security of your remote server connection, converting to PEM SSH is a good option. PEM SSH keys are more secure than passwords, can be revoked and recreated easily, and are difficult to crack. To convert to PEM SSH, generate a new SSH key, convert it to PEM format using the openssl command, and copy it to the remote server using the ssh-copy-id command. If you encounter issues such as “Permission denied” or “Invalid PEM format,” check your SSH directory and key file permissions or ensure that your SSH key is in the correct format.
Step 1: Generate a new SSH key
The first step in converting to PEM SSH is to generate a new SSH key. This can be done by using the ssh-keygen command. Open up your terminal and type:
Step 2: Convert the SSH key to PEM format
Once you have generated the SSH key, you will need to convert it to PEM format. This can be done by using the openssl command:
Step 3: Copy the PEM SSH key to the remote server
The final step in converting to PEM SSH is to copy the PEM SSH key to the remote server. This can be done by using the ssh-copy-id command:
If you are getting a “Permission denied” error when trying to copy the PEM SSH key to the remote server, it is likely that your SSH directory or key file has incorrect permissions. To fix this, try changing the permissions on your SSH directory and key file:
Invalid PEM format
If you are getting an “Invalid PEM format” error when trying to convert your SSH key to PEM format, it is likely that your SSH key is not in the correct format. Make sure that your SSH key is in the correct format by checking the file type:
FAQs for convert to pem ssh
What is PEM format for SSH keys?
The PEM (Privacy Enhanced Mail) format for SSH keys is a file format used to store private keys and certificates. It is the most common format used for SSH keys. It is also used for other types of certificates, such as SSL certificates. A PEM file contains a Base64 encoded version of a key or certificate and is typically named with a .pem extension.
How can I convert my SSH key to PEM format?
To convert your SSH key to PEM format, you can use the OpenSSL command-line tool. The command to convert a key from SSH format to PEM format is as follows:
openssl rsa -in ssh_key_file -outform pem > pem_key_file
ssh_key_file with the name of your SSH key file and
pem_key_file with the desired name for the PEM format file.
What do I do with the PEM file after conversion?
Once you have converted your SSH key to PEM format, you can use the PEM file for various purposes such as encrypting data or securing connections. You can also use it to authenticate yourself to remote servers. You can copy the PEM file to any machine you want to use it on, and use it as required.
How do I use the PEM file to connect to a remote server?
To use your PEM file to connect to a remote server, you need to specify the file when you run the SSH command. Here’s an example command:
ssh -i /path/to/pem/file username@server
/path/to/pem/file with the actual path to your PEM file,
username with your username on the remote server, and
server with the remote server’s IP address or hostname.
Can I convert my PEM key back to SSH format?
Yes, you can convert your PEM key back to SSH format. To do this, you can use the following command:
ssh-keygen -p -m PEM -f pem_key_file
pem_key_file with the name of your PEM key file. This command will prompt you for your current PEM passphrase and then ask you to enter a new one (if you wish to change it). After entering the new passphrase, it will convert the key back to SSH format.