What is Amazon EC2?
Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud, commonly referred to as Amazon EC2, is a web service that provides resizable compute capacity in the cloud. It is designed to make web-scale cloud computing easier for developers. Amazon EC2 enables you to scale up or down your computing capacity as per your business needs.
What is PEM?
PEM (Privacy-Enhanced Mail) is a file format used to store and transport digital certificates. It is a widely used format in the SSL industry. PEM files can store multiple certificates and private keys.
Why convert Amazon EC2 Certificate Key to PEM?
Amazon EC2 uses its own format for the SSL certificate and private key. However, if you want to use the certificate and key on another platform, you will need to convert it to PEM format. PEM format is widely used and supported by most platforms.
How to Convert Amazon EC2 Certificate Key to PEM?
The process of converting Amazon EC2 certificate key to PEM format is relatively simple. You can use OpenSSL to convert the certificate and key to PEM format.
Step-by-Step Guide to Convert Amazon EC2 Certificate Key to PEM
First, download the certificate and private key files from your Amazon EC2 instance. You can use any SFTP client to download the files.
Once you have the files, open a terminal window on your local machine.
Navigate to the directory where you saved the certificate and key files.
Type the following command to convert the certificate to PEM format:
Type the following command to convert the private key to PEM format:
Now, you have both the certificate and private key in PEM format. You can use these files on any platform that supports PEM format.
Understanding OpenSSL Commands
To understand the OpenSSL commands used in the conversion process, it’s essential to know what each command does.
The openssl x509 command is used to manipulate X.509 certificates. In the conversion process, we use this command to convert the Amazon EC2 certificate to PEM format.
The openssl rsa command is used to manage RSA private keys. In the conversion process, we use this command to convert the Amazon EC2 private key to PEM format.
Why Use PEM Format?
PEM format is widely used and supported by most platforms. It is a base64-encoded format that can store multiple certificates and private keys in a single file. PEM files are easy to read and edit, making them ideal for developers and system administrators.
FAQs for Amazon EC2 Convert Certificate Key to PEM
What is a certificate key and why do I need to convert it to PEM format?
A certificate key is an essential component of secure communication between a client and a server. It is used to encrypt and decrypt the data being transmitted. Amazon EC2 requires the use of PEM format certificate keys for secure communication. PEM format is a standard format for certificate keys that can be used by many applications. Conversion of certificate key to PEM format is necessary to use it with Amazon EC2.
How can I convert a certificate key to PEM format?
The conversion process for a certificate key to PEM format involves a few steps. You need to first generate a certificate signing request (CSR) for the domain where the certificate key will be used. Then, you need to obtain a certificate from a trusted certificate authority (CA) and download it in PKCS#7 format. After obtaining the certificate, you need to extract the private key and the intermediate certificate from the PKCS#7 file. Once you have done that, you can convert the private key and intermediate certificate to PEM format using OpenSSL.
What is OpenSSL and how do I use it to convert a certificate key to PEM format?
OpenSSL is an open-source implementation of the SSL and TLS protocols. It is a command-line tool that can be used to convert the private key and intermediate certificate to PEM format. To use OpenSSL to convert a certificate key to PEM format, you need to run the following command:
openssl pkcs7 -print_certs -in certificate.p7b -out certificate.crt
openssl pkcs12 -export -in certificate.crt -inkey privateKey.key -out certificate.pfx
openssl pkcs12 -in certificate.pfx -out certificate.pem -nodes
Where certificate.p7b is the PKCS#7 file containing the certificate, privateKey.key is the private key file, and certificate.pem is the PEM formatted certificate.
Can I use a converted PEM format certificate key with other applications besides Amazon EC2?
Yes, PEM format is a widely recognized format that can be used with many applications that require SSL or TLS communication. Once a certificate key is converted to PEM format, it can be used with any application that supports the PEM format.
Do I need to convert my certificate key to PEM format every time I use it with Amazon EC2?
No, once converted to PEM format, the certificate key can be used multiple times with Amazon EC2. There is no need to convert it again unless changes are made to the key or the domain where it is being used.